What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file stored in your navigator when you visit any webpage. Its utility consists on making the web capable to remember your visit when coming back to this page. Although lots of people do not know it, cookies have been used since 20 years ago, when the first World Wide Web navigators appeared.
What is NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus, none a Trojan, worm, spam, spyware and it neither opens pop-ups windows.
Which information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, like credit cars or bank data, photos, DNI or personal information, etc. Kept data have a technical character, personal preferences, content customization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person, but your web navigator. Actually, if you normally use Internet Explorer and try to navigate on the same web with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the web does not notice you are the same person because it is associated to the navigator, not the person.
What types of cookies do exist?
- Technical Cookies: These ones are the most elemental ones and they permit, among other things, to know when a human is navigating or an automatic application, when an anonymous user or a registered one is navigating, basic tasks to the functioning of any dynamic web.
- Analysis Cookies: These ones pick up the information about the type of navigation you are doing, your most used sections, consulted products, timetable of use, language, etc.
- Advertisement cookies: These ones show publicity according to your navigation, country, language, etc.
What own cookies and third’s cookies are?
Own cookies are those ones generated by the we you are visiting, and the third’s are generated by services or external providers like Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I deactivate the cookies?
To you understanding the range of this action, we will show you some examples:
- You will not be able to share web contents in Facebook, Twitter o any social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt the contents to your personal preferences, as it often occurs in online shops.
- You will not be able to access to your personal area in that web. For example, My Account, My Orders, My Profile…
- Online shops: It will be impossible to buy anything. Your orders will habe to be by telephone or visiting the physical shop.
- It will be impossible customize your geographical preferences, like the time zone, foreign currency or language.
- The website will not be able to analyse information about visitors and web traffic, which will difficult the competency of this web.
- You will not be able to write in the blog, submit photographs or comments or evaluate contents. The web neither will be able to know if you are a human or an automatic application that publishes spam.
- It will be impossible to show segmented publicity, so publicity inputs in the web will be reduced.
Can cookies be eliminated?
Yes. Not only can they be eliminated but also block, in a general or a particular way for a specific hosting.
To eliminate cookies of a website, you must go to your navigator configuration and there you can look for the hosting associated ones and eliminate them.
Cookies configuration for the most popular navigators
So, we indicate you how to accede to a particular cookie of Chrome navigator. Note: these steps can vary depending on the navigator version.
- Go to Configuration or Preferences by the File menu or clicking the customization icon, which appears up on the right hand.
- You will see different sections. Click on Show Advance Options.
- Go to Privacy, Content Configuration.
- Select All the cookies and site data.
- It will appear a list with all the cookies ordered by hosting. To facilitate find the cookies of a particular hosting, introduce partial or totally the direction in the Find Cookies camp.
- After using this filter, it will appear on the screen one or several lines with cookies for the solicited web. Now, you only have to select it and click on the X to eliminate it.
To accede to the cookies configuration of the navigator Internet Explorer, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the navigator version):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the scroll to adjust the desired privacy level.
To access to the cookies configuration in the Firefox navigator, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the navigator version):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operative system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History, choose Use a customized configuration for the History.
- Activate or deactivate the option Accept cookies depending on your preferences.
To access to the cookies configuration in the Safari OSX navigator, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the navigator version):
- Go to Preferences, and then to Privacy.
- You will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blockage you need.
To access to the cookies configuration in the Safari iOS navigator, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the navigator version):
- Go to Adjustments, then to Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security. You will see the option Block cookies to adjust the type of blockage you need.
To access to the cookies configuration in the navigator for Android devices, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the navigator version):
- Execute the navigator and click the Menu button, then Adjustments.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies to activate or deactivate the button.
To access to the cookies configuration in the navigator for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the navigator version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration.
- Now you can activate or deactivate the button Permit cookies.